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Determinants of Bilateral Remittance Flows

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  • Lueth Erik

    ()
    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Ruiz-Arranz Marta

    ()
    (International Monetary Fund)

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    Abstract

    This paper explores the determinants of workers’ remittances using a novel dataset of bilateral remittance flows. The paper finds that some of the variables commonly used in gravity equations are very powerful in explaining remittance flows. The evidence on the motives to remit is mixed, but altruism may be less of factor than commonly believed. Most strikingly, remittances do not seem to increase in the wake of a natural disaster and appear aligned with the business cycle in the home country, suggesting that remittances may not play a major role in limiting vulnerability to shocks. To encourage remittances and maximize their economic impact, policies should be directed at reducing transaction costs, promoting financial sector development, and improving the business climate.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 1 (October)
    Pages: 1-23

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    Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:8:y:2008:i:1:n:26

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    Cited by:
    1. Dilip Ratha & Sanket Mohapatra & Ani Silwal, 2009. "Migration and Remittance Trends 2009 : A Better-Than-Expected Outcome So Far, But Significant Risks Ahead," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10958, The World Bank.
    2. Docquier, Frédéric & Rapoport, Hillel & Salomone, Sara, 2011. "Remittances, Migrants' Education and Immigration Policy: Theory and Evidence from Bilateral Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6104, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Frankel, Jeffrey A., 2010. "Are Bilateral Remittances Countercyclical?," Scholarly Articles 4450131, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
    4. Giulia Bettin & Andrea Filippo Presbitero & Nikola Spatafora, 2014. "Remittances and vulnerability in developing countries," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 93, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    5. Balli, Faruk & Guven, Cahit & Balli, Hatice O. & Gounder, Rukmani, 2010. "The Role of Institutions, Culture, and Wellbeing in Explaining Bilateral Remittance Flows: Evidence Both Cross-Country and Individual-Level Analysis," MPRA Paper 29609, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Ahmed, Junaid & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2014. "What drives bilateral remittances to Pakistan? A gravity model approach," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 209, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    7. Bettin, Giulia & Lucchetti, Riccardo & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2012. "Endogeneity and sample selection in a model for remittances," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 370-384.

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