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The Value of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources

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  • Ramteen Sioshansi
  • Paul Denholm
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    Abstract

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) can become valuable resources for an electric power system by providing vehicle to grid (V2G) services, such as energy storage and ancillary services. We use a unit commitment model of the Texas power system to simulate system operations with different-sized PHEV fleets that do and do not provide V2G services, to estimate the value of those services. We demonstrate that a PHEV fleet can provide benefits to the system, mainly through the provision of ancillary services, reducing the need to reserve conventional generator capacity. Moreover, our analysis shows that PHEV owners are made better off by providing V2G services and we demonstrate that these benefits can reduce the time it takes to recover the higher upfront capital cost of a PHEV when compared to other vehicle types.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by International Association for Energy Economics in its journal The Energy Journal.

    Volume (Year): Volume 31 (2010)
    Issue (Month): Number 3 ()
    Pages: 1-24

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    Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:2010v31-03-a01

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    Cited by:
    1. Carson, Richard T. & Novan, Kevin, 2013. "The private and social economics of bulk electricity storage," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 404-423.
    2. Wolf-Peter, Schill, 2011. "Electric vehicles in imperfect electricity markets: The case of Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6178-6189, October.
    3. Nurre, Sarah G. & Bent, Russell & Pan, Feng & Sharkey, Thomas C., 2014. "Managing operations of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) exchange stations for use with a smart grid," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 364-377.
    4. Sioshansi, Ramteen & Fagiani, Riccardo & Marano, Vincenzo, 2010. "Cost and emissions impacts of plug-in hybrid vehicles on the Ohio power system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6703-6712, November.
    5. Sioshansi, Ramteen & Miller, Jacob, 2011. "Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles can be clean and economical in dirty power systems," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6151-6161, October.
    6. Weiller, Claire, 2011. "Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle impacts on hourly electricity demand in the United States," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3766-3778, June.

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