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Beschäftigung, Arbeitszeit und Übergangsarbeitsmärkte in vergleichender Perspektive

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  • Anxo, Dominique
  • O'Reilly, Jacqueline

Abstract

In diesem Artikel konzentrieren wir uns auf die vergleichende Perspektive bei der Anwendung des Konzepts der Übergangsarbeitsmärkte auf Arbeitszeitregime in verschiedenen Ländern. Eingangs untersuchen wir Tendenzen bei der Regulierung und Verteilung der Normalarbeitszeit in ausgewählten Ländern seit Mitte der achtziger Jahre. Diese Analyse betont die besonderen Wege, mit denen der Staat und die Sozialpartner die Reregulierung der Arbeitszeit anstreben. Um diese Veränderungen zu interpretieren und zu erklären, beziehen wir uns auf frühere international vergleichende Forschung zu industriellen Beziehungen und Sozialpolitik. Indem wir den Schwerpunkt auf bestimmte Arbeitsmarkt- und Haushaltsstrukturen legen, veranschaulichen wir die Anreize und Hindernisse bei der Herstellung des Übergangs zwischen verschiedenen Beschäftigungsformen in einer Reihe von Ländern. Der Artikel endet mit einer kurzen Diskussion der Strategien, die die Arbeitsmarktübergänge und die Entwicklung von Übergangsarbeitsmärkten unter höchst verschiedenen institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen beeinflussen und setzt sich mit der Frage auseinander, wie sich diese auf die Umstrukturierung der Beschäftigung auswirken. -- In this article we set out to examine how the potential for transitional labour markets could be developed through the use of flexible working time practices in a range of European countries. First we examine the trends in the regulation and distribution of working time since the mid 1980s, and the role of the social partners in this process. We identify three distinct types which we label: negotiated flexibility, statist flexibility and externally constrained voluntarism. To interpret and explain these changes we draw on earlier cross-national comparative research from industrial relations and social policy. By focussing on particular labour market characteristics and household structures we illustrate the incentives and obstacles to making transitions between different employment statuses. The article concludes with a short discussion of the type of policies that influence labour market transitions and the potential for transitional labour markets.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Organization and Employment with number FS I 00-205.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzboem:fsi00205

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Cited by:
  1. Berghahn, Sabine, 2001. "Ehe als Übergangsarbeitsmarkt?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 01-207, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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