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Entwicklungen des Qualifikationsbedarfs in der Bankenbranche


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  • Vitols, Katrin
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    Im Beitrag wird der Qualifikationsbedarf von Bankbeschäftigten in Bereichen des direkten Kundenkontakts im Privatkundengeschäft deutscher Universal- und Direktbanken dargestellt. Die Bankbeschäftigten setzen sich in diesem Bereich aus Bankkaufleuten, Vermögenskundenbetreuern und angelernten Kräften zusammen. Jeder Mitarbeitergruppe wird die Betreuung eines spezifischen Kundenkreises zugeteilt, der unterschiedliche Anforderungen an ihre Qualifikationen stellt. Im Rahmen der lean banking-Strategien in den 1990er Jahren wurde in den Universalbanken die Privatkundschaft in normale Privatkunden, die im Auftrag von Bankkaufleuten betreut werden, und in anspruchsvolle Vermögenskunden eingeteilt, die von Vermögenskundenbetreuern beraten werden. In den Direktbanken sind angelernte Kräfte für eine weitere Kundengruppe, die sog. Selfmade-Kunden, zuständig. Die Selfmade-Kunden verlangen keine Beratung und führen alle Finanzgeschäfte in Selbstbedienung allein am Telefon oder Computer aus. Es lässt sich der Trend ausmachen, dass der Kundenkreis der normalen Privatkundschaft zu einem anspruchsvoller in seinen Erwartungen wird und zum anderen zum Kundenkreis der Selfmade-Kunden wechselt. -- The paper focuses on the future skill requirements of front office employees in the retail operations of German universal and direct banks. Bank employees in this sector consist of bank clerks who have completed vocational training in banking, employees servicing wealthy customers, and semi-skilled workers. Each group of employees is responsible for a specific customer base, and thus has particular skill requirements for dealing with that base. In the context of lean banking strategies introduced in retail banking in the 1990s, universal banks were split up into a segment for “typical customers”, where bank clerks with a completed banking apprenticeship are working, and a segment of wealthy customers, whose more complex product needs are dealt with by specially trained employees. In direct banks semi-skilled workers are responsible for another group of customers, the so called self-sufficient customers.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2003-107.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2003107

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