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Urbane Regime: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen des Ansatzes

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  • Bahn, Christopher
  • Potz, Petra
  • Rudolph, Hedwig
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    Abstract

    Der Ansatz der urbanen Regime ist ein prominentes Forschungsparadigma der lokalen Politikforschung, insbesondere in der angloamerikanischen Tradition. Unter dem Oberbegriff der Governance geht es um die Beziehungen zwischen öffentlichen und privaten Akteuren in den Städten, somit um die Konsensfindung über die gemeinsam zu erreichenden Ziele bzw. Agenden. Die deutsche lokale Politikforschung konzentrierte sich bislang stark auf die öffentliche Verwaltung als Untersuchungsfeld. Diese Schwerpunktsetzung steht im Zusammenhang mit der vergleichsweise hohen Autonomie der öffentlichen Verwaltung in Deutschland. Demgegenüber stehen Allianzen zwischen verschiedenen Gruppen öffentlicher und privater Akteure im Zentrum des Ansatzes der urbanen Regime. Die institutionelle Einbettung der Akteure auf lokaler und supralokaler Ebene und deren dadurch strukturierte Handlungsräume werden allerdings in diesem Ansatz bislang nur unzureichend thematisiert. Gerade bei international vergleichenden Analysen kann dies durch die Kombination mit neo-institutionalistischen Ansätzen gewährleistet werden. -- In local policy studies, the urban regime approach is one of the prominent paradigms, especially in the Anglo-Saxon tradition. The focus on the governance structures stresses the importance of blending public and private resources in the cities to realize consensus on a common agenda. The German local policy research traditionally centred around the logics of public administration in achieving public goals and strategies. This priority is due to the relatively high autonomy of public administration in Germany. In contrast, the approach of urban regimes concentrates on the alliances between different groups of public and private actors. Yet, the institutional embeddedness of the actors at the local and supralocal level for establishing and maintaining urban regimes has, on the whole, been a not adequately integrated topic. But precisely in regard to international comparisons, it is essential to make sure that this factor is acknowledged. This can be done by combining the urban regime approach with neo-institutional theories.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Internationalization and Organization with number SP III 2003-201.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbint:spiii2003201

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