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Calculations of gaseous and particulate emissions from German agriculture 1990 - 2011. Report on methods and data (RMD) submission 2013

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Author Info

  • Rösemann, Claus
  • Haenel, Hans-Dieter
  • Dämmgen, Ulrich
  • Poddey, Eike
  • Freibauer, Annette
  • Wulf, Sebastian
  • Eurich-Menden, Brigitte
  • Döhler, Helmut
  • Schreiner, Carsten
  • Bauer, Beate
  • Osterburg, Bernhard
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    Abstract

    In Europe, gaseous and particulate emissions from agriculture have been subject to both national and international regulations, as they adversely affect the energy dynamics of the atmosphere (physical climate), the formation of tropospheric and the destruction of stratospheric ozone, the amount of formation of secondary aerosols, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems due to atmospheric inputs of acidity and nutrients (acidification and eutrophication), human health and welfare and reduce atmospheric visibility. These internation regulations (protocols etc.) are the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC5), the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP6), and within the European Union the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants (NEC Directive7). The forementioned conventions require annual calculations of the emissions of the respective gases and air pollutants. The results have to be documented in an emission inventory and to be reported to the organisations in charge. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is responsible for the entire German emission reporting. However, the sector “Agriculture” is dealt with under the aegis of the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV). BMELV has charged the Institute for Climate-Smart Agriculture (AK) (the former Insitute of Agricultural Climate Research) of the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut (TI) with the establishment of the annual agricultural emission inventory where only emissions from agricultural animal husbandry and from managed agricultural soils are regarded as agricultural emissions. -- Deutschland hat umfangreiche internationale Verpflichtungen zur Emissionsminderung für Treibhausgase und Luftschadstoffe übernommen. Hierzu gehören insbesondere im Rahmen der Vereinten Nationen die Konventionen zur Vermeidung und Verminderung weitreichender grenzüberschreitender Luftverunreinigungen (UNECE CLRTAP mit seinen acht Protokollen), die Klimarahmenkonvention (UNFCCC) und das Kyoto-Protokoll, im europäischen Kontext die Richtlinien zur Einhaltung nationaler Emissionsobergrenzen (NEC) sowie der europäische Beobachtungsmechanismus für Treibhausgasemissionen und die Umsetzung des Kyoto-Protokolls. Zur Erfolgskontrolle dieser Verpflichtungen sind jährlich detaillierte Inventare nationaler Emissionen zu berechnen und international zu berichten. Weitere Verpflichtungen bestehen zur Berichterstattung von anlagenbezogene Emissionsdaten, wie z. B. das europäische Schadstoffregister PRTR. Die Zielstellungen der internationalen Regelungen bestehen in der Vermeidung bzw. Verminderung der Effekte der Klimaänderung, Gewährleistung des Schutzes der Ozonschicht, Vermeidung von Versauerung und Eutrophierung in Ökosystemen, Bekämpfung der Entstehung von bodennahem Ozon, Reduzierung der Feinstaubbelastungen, Einhaltung von Luftqualitätsstandards, Vermeidung gefährlicher (toxischer) Luftbelastungen, Information der Öffentlichkeit über den Umweltzustand. Das im Februar 2005 in Kraft getretene Kyoto-Protokoll verbindet zusätzlich und erstmalig umweltstrategische Ziele und flexible ökonomische Instrumente (Emissionshandel sowie gemeinsame Projekte mit Entwicklungsländern bzw. entwickelten Industrienationen) als weiteren Weg, die Ziele der Verpflichtungen zu erreichen. Durch die damit erfolgte indirekte ökonomische und monetäre Bewertung der Emissionen sind weitere umfangreiche Anforderungen an die Genauigkeit der Emissionsermittlung gestellt. Diese bestehen in der Forderung nach Transparenz der Ermittlung und Berichterstattung, Vergleichbarkeit der Ergebnisse mit denen anderer Länder, Konsistenz der berichteten Emissionszeitreihen, Vollständigkeit der Einbeziehung aller Quellen und Senken in das Inventar sowie die Bestimmung der Genauigkeit der Emissionen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries in its series Thünen Reports with number 1.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:jhtire:1

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