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Аграрный Сектор Восточной Германии В Переходном Периоде – Исходная Ситуация, Развитие И Основные Проблемы


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  • Rothe, Andrea
  • Lissitsa, Alexej
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    "Дискуссионные материалы" анализируют развитие аграрного сектора бывшей восточ- ной Германии после воссоединения Германии. С помощью дескриптивного анализа про- водится описание проблем трансформационных процессов, а также изменения в аграр- ном производстве и структурe сектора. Анализ показывает, что спустя 15 лет после вос- соединения Германии, сельское хозяйство в новых федеральных землях Германии значи- тельно отличается от старых федеральных земель. Разница особенно заметна в наличии высокого числа правовых форм предприятий, значительно повышенной доли арендуемой земли, пониженным поголовьем скота, а также размером предприятий. Наблюдаемые изменения в немецком аграрном секторе показывают, что под влиянием аграрно-поли- тических мер Европейского союза, западно-немецкая модель маленьких предприятий со временем должна уступить восточно-немецкой моделе больших предприятий. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: This Discussion Paper focuses on developments of the agricultural sector in the federal states of the former Eastern Germany after German reunification. Descriptive analysis is involved to display problems of transition process and changes in agricultural production and structures. The results of the analysis report considerable differences in the agricultural sector between New and Old Federal States after 15 years after the reunification. These differences are especially to find in a variety of existing legal forms, considerably higher share of rented land, lower cattle stock as well as larger farm size of the farms in the New Federal States. Observed structural changes of the German agricultural sector display that due to European Union measures the West German model of small farm structures will have to give way of New Federal States model of large farms.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 82.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:82

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    Keywords: Новые федеральные земли Германии; трансформационный процесс; аграрные структуры; New Bundeslaender; transition; agricultural structure;

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