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Аграрный Сектор России На Подъеме?! Анализ Технической Эффективности Аграрных Предприятий

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  • Stange, Henriette
  • Lissitsa, Aleksej
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    Abstract

    "Дискуссионные материалы" анализируют техническую эффективность и эффективность в зависимости от масштаба российских аграрных предприятий в трансформационном процессе. При этом, в частности, исследуется влияние на эффективность таких факторов как: размер предприятия, правовая форма и специализация. Чтобы оценить воздействия реформ и изменения на аграрных предприятиях, для сравнения взяты 1993 и 2000 годы. Как методический инструмент была выбрана входная ориентировочная модель Анализа оболочки данных (Data Envelopment Analysis (DЕА)) для анализа эффективности, а также модель супер-эффективности DЕА для определения особо успешных предприятий, и перепроверки стабильности данных. В 1993 году было проанализировано 373, и в 2000 году – 367 предприятий, сформированных на базе колхозов и совхозов Московской области. Результаты модельных расчетов DЕА в 2000 году показывают в среднем, повышение эффективности по сравнению с 1993 годом. При рассмотрении факторов, влияющих на техническую эффективность установлено, что выбор правовой формы не имеет никакого значения. Напротив, размер предприятия и специализация влияют на техническую эффективность и на эффективность в зависимости от масштаба при рассмотрении 1993 и 2000 годов. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: This Discussion Paper has been occupied with the analysis of the technical and scale efficiency of Russian farms during the transformation process. Especially the influence of the factors farm size, legal form and specialization is analysed. In order to list the effects of reforms and the changes in farms, the observation years 1993 and 2000 are compared. As a methodical instru-ment has been chosen an input-oriented model of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for efficiency measurement as well as the DEA-Superefficiency model for identification of outliers and inspection of data stability. We analysed in year 1993 373 and the year of 2000 367 successors of former kolkhozes and state farms in Oblast Moscow. The results of the DEA model calculations show an improvement in average efficiency from 1993 to 2000. In consideration of the performance-influencing factors to technical efficiency, the choice of the legal form does not have any influence. On the other hand farm size and specialization influence the technical and scale efficiency in both years.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 69.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:69

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    Keywords: Эффективность; суперэффективность; анализ оболочки данных; трансформационный процесс; Россия; Effizienz; Supereffizienz; Data Envelopment Analysis; Transformationsprozess; Russland;

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