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10 Лет Экономических Преобразований В Сельском Хозяйстве Украины – Анализ Эффективности И Продуктивности Предприятий

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  • Lissitsa, Aleksej
  • Odening, Martin
  • Babiéceva, Tamara
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    Abstract

    "Дискуссионные материалы" анализируют изменение эффективности и общей продуктивности факторов (англ. total factor productivity, TFP) крупных сельскохозяйственных предприятий Украины в период перехода к рыночной экономике. В данном случае эффективность рассчитывается с помощью анализа оболочки данных (англ. data envelopment analysis, DEA), а изменение продуктивности – с помощью Малмквист-индекса изменения общей продуктивности факторов (англ. Malmquist productivity change index, MPI) в период времени между 1990 и 1999 годами. В среднем, общая продуктивность факторов уменьшалась на 6 % ежегодно и, в целом, снизилась на 42 %. Главной причиной этого стало довольно значительное снижение технической эффективности. В то же время, наблюдается большое разнообразие среди отдельных сельскохозяйственных предприятий, а следовательно, и широкое их распределение в зависимости от значений эффективности, что и показывает существование различий между сельскохозяйственными предприятиями относительно их экономической деятельности. Регрессионный анализ по методу Тобита применяется для определения детерминантов эффективности, таких как тип и размер с/х предприятий, исходная позиция и правовая форма. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: This paper analyzes efficiency and total factor productivity (TFP) change of large agricultural enterprises during their transition to a market economy in Ukraine. In this case the efficiency is calculated by data envelopment analysis and the productivity change is measured by the Malmquist Productivity Change Index in the period between 1990 and 1999. On average, TFP declined by 6% annually, dropping a total 42%. The main reason for the observed TFP decline is a decrease in technical efficiency, which is found to be remarkably significant. At the same time there is a high variation among individual enterprises: their distribution of efficiency scores widens, which indicates that the farms diverge with respect to their economic performance. The Tobit regression analysis is conducted where the efficiency scores are related to factors such as farm type, farm size, initial conditions and legal form.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/28550/1/374268037.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 51.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:51

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    Keywords: эффективность; общая продуктивность фактора; анализ оболочки данных; Малмквист-индекс изменения общей продуктивности фактора; переходный период; Украина; Efficiency; Total Factor Productivity; Data Envelopment Analysis; Malmquist Productivity Change Index; Transition; Ukraine;

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