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Vergleich der Berglandwirtschaft in Polen und Deutschland


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  • Sroka, Wojciech
  • Happe, Kathrin
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    In diesem Beitrag werden Ergebnisse einer Expertenbefragung zur Bewertung des Zustandes und der Entwicklungsperspektiven der Landwirtschaft und der ländlichen Räume in ausgewählten Gemeinden der polnischen Karpaten und der deutschen Alpen vorgestellt. Gegenüber der Landwirtschaft und den ländlichen Räumen in den Alpen weist die Karpaten-Subregion eine Reihe von Besonderheiten auf, die ihre Wurzeln sowohl in der Geschichte, als auch in den Bedingungen des Transformationsprozesses haben. Obwohl sich in beiden Subregionen Parallelen in den strukturellen Entwicklungslinien erkennen lassen, besteht in den Karpaten nach wie vor ein großer Nachholbedarf. Die relativ kurze Periode der Implementierung von Instrumenten der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik hat bis dato zu keinen relevanten strukturellen Veränderungen in den Karpaten geführt. Die befragten Experten haben die Perspektiven für die Entwicklung der Landwirtschaft ziemlich positiv bewertet. Voraussichtlich wird der Tourismus die bevorzugte Entwicklungsrichtung sein, allerdings bei simultaner Erhaltung der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion. Die Experten betonen, dass der Verzicht auf Landwirtschaft in den Berggebieten nicht akzeptabel ist und dass die Landwirtschaft noch lange in den Berggebieten bestehen wird wenn auch in etwas abgewandelter Form. -- This paper summarises results of a expert interviews on the state and development of agriculture and rural areas in selected municiapalities in the Polish Carapatian mountains and in the German Alps. Compared to the German Alps, the Polish region has a number of particularities originating from the different history and the transformation process. The overall development in the Polish region is still lagging behind. The implementation of measures of the Common Agricultural Policy has not yet led to significant structural changes in the Carpathian region. The surveyed experts have identified a positive perspective for the development of agriculture. They expect tourism and agriculture to be the main sources of income. A complete disappearance of agriculture from mountainous regions will not be acceptable.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 122.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:122

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    Keywords: Berglandwirtschaft; Entwicklungsperspektiven; Polen; Bayern; Mountainous areas; development perspectives; Poland; Bavaria;

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    1. Manishi Prasad & Peter Wahlqvist & Rich Shikiar & Ya-Chen Tina Shih, 2004. "A," PharmacoEconomics, Springer Healthcare | Adis, vol. 22(4), pages 225-244.
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