What Determines Firms' Decisions to Formalize? Empirical Evidence from Rural Indonesia
AbstractIn this paper we analyze the decision of small and micro firms to formalize, i.e. to obtain business and other licenses in rural Indonesia. We use the rural investment climate survey (RICS) that comprises around 2500 non-farm rural enterprises in six Indonesian districts and analyze in an IV approach the effect of formalization on tax payments, corruption, access to credit and revenue. We take firm heterogeneity into account and show how the effect of formalization depends on firm characteristics such as firm size, education and ethnicity of the owner. We identify firm and owner characteristics that make formalization more likely. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics in its series Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Frankfurt a.M. 2009 with number 32.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Formalization; rural development; rural investment climate;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O17 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
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- Bruhn, Miriam, 2012.
"A tale of two species : revisiting the effect of registration reform on informal business owners in Mexico,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
5971, The World Bank.
- Bruhn, Miriam, 2013. "A tale of two species: Revisiting the effect of registration reform on informal business owners in Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 275-283.
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