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Effekte der österreichischen EU-Mitgliedschaft

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  • Fritz Breuss

Abstract

Das Kernelement der Europäischen Integration, der „Binnenmarkt“, feiert heuer das 20-jährige Bestehen. Österreich hat seit dem Beitritt zur EU im Jahr 1995 an allen vertiefenden Schritten der EU-Integration teilgenommen. Nicht nur politisch ist Österreich durch die EU-Mitgliedschaft moderner, europäischer geworden, es hat auch ökonomisch auf allen Stufen der Integration profitiert: Ostöffnung (zusätzliches BIP-Wachstum +0,2 Prozentpunkte pro Jahr), EU-Mitgliedschaft (Teilnahme am EU-Binnenmarkt: +0,6 Prozentpunkte), WWU-Teilnahme (+0,4 Prozentpunkte) und EU-Erweiterung (+0,4 Prozentpunkte). Die aus Modellsimulationen abgeleiteten Integrationseffekte durch die Teilnahme an allen Integrationsstufen verstärkten das Wachstum des österreichischen BIP insgesamt um ½ bis 1 Prozentpunkt pro Jahr. Die Plausibilität dieser Modellergebnisse wird durch den Vergleich der Wirtschaftsentwicklung Österreichs mit anderen EU-Ländern und Drittländern unterstrichen. So entsprach der Wachstumsvorsprung Österreichs vor Deutschland und der Schweiz den genannten Integrationseffekten. Dieser „Wachstumsbonus“ ist ohne die Integrationswirkungen der Teilnahme Österreichs an allen EU-Projekten schwer bis gar nicht erklärbar.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FIW in its series FIW Policy Brief series with number 018.

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Length: 9
Date of creation: Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wsr:pbrief:y:2013:i:018

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Keywords: European Integration; Single Market; Monetary Union; EU Enlargement; Model Simulations; Country Study;

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Cited by:
  1. Fritz Breuss, 2013. "The Leverage of the Small Ones in the EU," WIFO Working Papers 452, WIFO.
  2. Fritz Breuss, 2012. "Towards a New EMU," WIFO Working Papers 447, WIFO.

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