Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS
AbstractThis paper seeks to advance current understanding of uneven convergence in the context of EU environmental policy, and specifically, the Eco- Managemen t and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Using a large sample, quantitative methodology, we examine three broad sets of determinants hypothesised to influence geogr aphic patterns of policy convergence: (1) cross-national market integration; (2) compatibility between the domestic regulatory context and European po licy requirements; and (3) bottom-up pressure from market and societal actors. Our analysis provides empirical support for all three hypothesised dete rminants. We find that measures of import-export ties, regulatory burden, past policy adoptions, environmental demand from civil society and levels of economic productivity, are all statistically significant predictors of national EMAS counts. Against a backdrop of geographically diverse regulatory institutions, societal conditions and trading relationships, we conclude that unevenness ! is an inevitable feature of Europeanisation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Others with number 0403002.
Date of creation: 19 Mar 2004
Date of revision: 10 Aug 2004
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- Richard Perkins & Eric Neumayer, 2004. "Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 22(6), pages 881-897, December.
- P - Economic Systems
- Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
- Z - Other Special Topics
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- R. Bracke & J. Albrecht, 2005. "Explaining the international diffusion of environmental management systems," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 05/342, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
- Roeland Bracke & Tom Verbeke, 2007.
"What Distinguishes EMAS Participants? An Exploration of Company Characteristics,"
2007.37, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
- R. Bracke & T. Verbeke & V. Dejonckheere, 2007. "What distinguishes EMAS participants? An exploration of company characteristics," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 07/459, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
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