A ORGANIZAÇÃO COMUM DO MERCADO DE AÇÚCAR NA UNIÃO EUROPÉIA: estrutura, instrumentos regulatórios e interesses
AbstractThe subsidies and protection structure of the sugar sectors in the European Union originated from the individual national protection systems, unified with the creation of the Common Agricultural Policy. The COM for Sugars is based on an intervention price quite higher than international prices. To determine who benefits from this intervention price, production quotas are established and distributed to each Member- State, producer and raw-material supplier. In parallel, levies are charged on sugar produced and tariffs on imported sugar, which contribute part of total funds required to finance these subsidies. The difference is covered by the community budget. The Eu imports sugar from ex- European colonies, paid at the internal EU price and benefitting from import tariff isention. Most of this sugar is reexported refined. There are other “entrances” for smaller quantities of sugar with preferential treatment, used, among others, by Cuba and Brazil. Subsidies and privileges are being contested internally and externally. Negotiations in international fora (WTO, bilateral talks) and preparation for the accession of East European countries to the EU will probably accelerate the reform of the COM for Sugar.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series International Trade with number 0501002.
Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 14 Jan 2005
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Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 18. Published electronically Nov 2001 at: http://www.nuca.ie.ufrj.br/infosucro/estudos/estudos05.pdf text in Portuguese
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Sugar 'European Union' protection;
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