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Are Oligarchs Productive? Theory and Evidence

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Author Info

  • Yuriy Gorodnichenko

    (University of Michigan)

  • Yegor Grygorenko

    (Citigroup Russia)

Abstract

This paper develops a partial equilibrium model to account for stylized facts about the behavior of oligarchs, politically and economically strong conglomerates in transition and developing countries. The model predicts that oligarchs are more likely than other owners to invest in productivity enhancing projects and to vertically integrate firms to capture the gains from possible synergies and, thus, oligarchs can be socially beneficial. Using a unique dataset comprising almost 2,000 Ukrainian open joint stock companies, the paper tests empirical implications of the model. In contrast to commonly held views, econometric results suggest that, after controlling for endogeneity of ownership, oligarchs tend to improve the performance of the firms they own relative to other firms.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/dev/papers/0512/0512013.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0512013.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 15 Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0512013

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 42
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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Keywords: Oligarch; transition; firm performance; property rights; treatment effect;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Benjamin Maury & Eva Liljeblom, 2009. "Oligarchs, political regime changes, and firm valuation," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 17(3), pages 411-438, 07.
  2. Jürgen Wandel, 2011. "Business groups and competition in post-Soviet transition economies: The case of Russian “agroholdings”," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 403-450, December.
  3. Estrin, Saul & Hanousek, Jan & Svejnar, Jan, 2009. "Effects of Privatization and Ownership in Transition Economies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4811, The World Bank.
  4. Sprenger, Carsten, 2011. "The choice of ownership structure: Evidence from Russian mass privatization," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 260-277, June.
  5. Saul Estrin & Jan Hanousek & Evzen Kocenda & Jan Svejnar, 2009. "The Effects of Privatization and Ownership in Transition Economies," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(3), pages 699-728, September.
  6. Guriev, Sergei & Rachinsky, Andrei, 2006. "The Evolution of Personal Wealth in the Former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe," Working Paper Series RP2006/120, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  7. Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Schnitzer, Monika, 2013. "Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up," Munich Reprints in Economics 20443, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Muzaffarjon Ahunov & Leo Van Hove & Marc Jegers, 2013. "Selection and hidden bias in cross-border bank acquisitions: Ukraine’s takeover wave," Working Papers 162, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  9. Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2014. "Global financial crisis, corporate governance, and firm survival:," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 178-211.
  10. Salla Pöyry & Benjamin Maury, 2010. "Influential ownership and capital structure," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(5), pages 311-324.

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