The Changing Spatial Concentration of Income and Poverty Among Suburbs of Large U.S. Metropolitan Areas
AbstractAfter developing a longitudinal database of civil divisions within 27 large metropolitan areas (MSAs) from the 1970 - 1990 U.S. Censuses, this study examines changes in the spatial concentration of income and poverty within these MSAs. A series of cross sectional analyses of geographic and social determinants of poverty rates and median household income are used to analyze whether the determinants are changing over time. Large, older central cities in the northeast and midwest have experienced increasing poverty and decreases in income relative to their own history and relative to their own suburbs. There is some evidence of economic decline in the inner suburbs of these central cities relative to other suburbs, but not relative to the central cities. The geographic shifts in MSA population among suburbs by income between 1970 and 1990 are analyzed relative to initial social characteristics of civil divisions. The study concludes that the filtering of older residential buildings to, and the lower marginal preference for land of, lower income groups contributes to the rising poverty rates and decreases in median household income for all central cities and for the inner suburbs of the northeastern and midwestern MSAs. The study finds little evidence that either "white flight" or the non-poor’s avoidance of taxes to support the poor are important factors in the shifts of population among suburbs.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Wharton School Samuel Zell and Robert Lurie Real Estate Center, University of Pennsylvania in its series Zell/Lurie Center Working Papers with number 396.
Date of creation:
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: 256 South 37th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6330
Web page: http://zell-lurie-center.wharton.upenn.edu/working.html
More information through EDIRC
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-05-03 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.