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Poverty and disability : a survey of the literature

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  • Elwan, Ann
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    Abstract

    This review summarizes the literature on disability and its relationship to pverty, including education, employment, income, and access to basic social services. Despite the dearth of formal analysis, it is clear that in developing countries, as in more developed areas, disabled people (and their families) are more likely than the rest of the population to live in poverty. It is a two-way relationship--disability adds to the risk of poverty, and conditions of poverty increase the risk of disability. Disability in developing countries stems largely from preventable impairments associated with communicable, maternal and perinatal disease and injuries, and prevention has to remain a primary focus. An increasing emphasis on community-based participatory rehabilitation reflects growing recognition of the inadequacy of past offical programs, particularly involving specialized and exclusionary institutions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 21315.

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    Date of creation: 31 Dec 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:21315

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    Related research

    Keywords: Poverty Assessment; Social Cohesion; Environmental Economics&Policies; Social Protections&Assistance; Health Monitoring&Evaluation;

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    Cited by:
    1. Filmer, Deon, 2005. "Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries : results from 11 household surveys," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3794, The World Bank.
    2. Mersland, Roy, 2005. "Microcredit for self-employed disabled persons in developing countries," MPRA Paper 2068, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Trani, Jean-Fran├žois & Cannings, Tim I., 2013. "Child Poverty in an Emergency and Conflict Context: A Multidimensional Profile and an Identification of the Poorest Children in Western Darfur," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 48-70.
    4. Roddy McKinnon & Roland Sigg,, 2006. "The Role and Nature of Non-Contributory Social Security in the Design of Social Protection Strategies for Older People in DCs," Working Papers id:525, eSocialSciences.
    5. Maria Kett & Raymond Lang & Jean-Francois Trani, 2009. "Disability, development and the dawning of a new convention: A cause for optimism?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(5), pages 649-661.
    6. Trani, Jean-Francois & Browne, Joyce & Kett, Maria & Bah, Osman & Morlai, Teddy & Bailey, Nicki & Groce, Nora, 2011. "Access to health care, reproductive health and disability: A large scale survey in Sierra Leone," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 73(10), pages 1477-1489.
    7. Becker, Charles M. & Merkuryeva, Irina S., 2012. "Disability incidence and official health status transitions in Russia," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 74-88.

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