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Initial Factors Behind The Third Wave of Democratization

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  • Elias Papaioannou
  • Gregorios Siourounis

Abstract

We identify permanent democratic transitions during the Third Wave of Democratization and the nineties, when many former socialist countries moved towards representative rule. Using subjective political freedom indicators, electoral archives, and historical resources in 174 countries in the period 1960-2005, we identify 63 incidents of permanent democratic transitions, 3 reverse transitions from relatively stable democracy to autocracy and 6 episodes of small improvements in representative norms (borderline democratizations). We also classify non-reforming countries to stable autocracies and always democratic. We then use the constructed dataset to identify the significant correlates of successful democratic transitions, placing an emphasis to those countries that were non-democratic in the beginning of the Third Wave.

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File URL: http://econ.uop.gr/~econ/RePEc/pdf/initial_democratization_oct07.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Peloponnese, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0002.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uop:wpaper:0002

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Keywords: democratization; political development; institutions.;

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Cited by:
  1. Elias Papaioannou & Gregorios Siourounis, 2008. "Democratization and Growth," Working Papers 00027, University of Peloponnese, Department of Economics.
  2. Antonio Ciccone, 2013. "Estimating the Effect of Transitory Economic Shocks on Civil Conflict," Review of Economics and Institutions, Università di Perugia, vol. 4(2).
  3. Markus Brückner & Antonio Ciccone, 2008. "Rain and the democratic window of opportunity," Economics Working Papers 1114, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2009.

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