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India’s Rural Financial System: Does it Support Pro-Poor Innovation?

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  • Sonne, Lina

    ()
    (UNU-MERIT)

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    Abstract

    From the perspective of poverty alleviation, socially relevant, or pro-poor, rural innovation is of particular interest in a country like India since it is in rural areas that most of the poor live. Pro-poor innovation in rural areas is more likely to occur through small-scale ventures and entrepreneurs than industrial research and development. The Indian banking system does not efficiently support such rural pro-poor entrepreneur-based innovation. Instead a pioneering alternative financing sector has been emerging recently. There are three broad categories of organisations in this sector: grassroots innovators and incubators, micro venture capital firms, and small-scale financiers beyond microfinance. This paper considers why the core of India’s financial system, its banking sector, does not support rural entrepreneur-based innovation. It ends by discussing the emerging alternative financing sector at the periphery which on the other hand appears able to do so.

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    File URL: http://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2010/wp2010-039.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 039.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2010039

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    Related research

    Keywords: Pro-poor finance; finance innovation; finance entrepreneurship; financial innovation; rural finance; India; India’s financial system.;

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