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Border Wars: Tax Revenues, Annexation, and Urban Growth in Phoenix

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  • Carol E. Heim

    ()
    (University of Massachusetts Amherst)

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    Abstract

    Phoenix and neighboring municipalities, like many in the South and West, pursued a growth strategy based on annexation in the decades after World War II. This paper explores the link between annexation and competition for tax revenues. After discussing arguments for annexation, it traces the history of annexation in the Phoenix metropolitan area. A long-running series of "border wars" entailed litigation, pre-emptive annexations, and considerable intergovernmental conflict. The paper argues that tax revenues have been a key motivation for annexation, particularly since the 1970s. It then considers several related policy issues and argues that while opportunities for annexation are becoming more limited, competition for tax revenues (particularly sales tax revenues) continues to be fierce and to create dilemmas for municipalities in the region. JEL Categories: H71, H77, N92, R51

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics in its series UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers with number 2006-01.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2006
    Date of revision: Aug 2008
    Handle: RePEc:ums:papers:2006-01

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    Keywords: annexation; municipal revenues; sales tax; Phoenix; urban growth; intergovernmental relations;

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