Determinantes macroeconómicos de la mortalidad infantil en Uruguay
AbstractThis article analysis the macroeconomic determinants of the infant mortality rate (IMR) in Uruguay and its components, focusing on the role of the gross product per capita (GDP), public spending (PS) and health spending (HS). A time series analysis is performed using annual data from 1910 to 2004. Previous analysis for uruguay does not address the role of PS and HS. During the period under analysis, there is no evidence of the existence of long-term stable relations. In the short run, GDP variations lose signification to explain the changes in the TMI when controlling for changes in PS (or total expenditure) and the number of per capita medical doctors. The estimated elasticity between TMI and GPS is around -0.12 and the one between TMI and the number of per capita medical doctors per 10,000 inhabitants is around -0,50. In turn, in 1940 and 1980 there were major changes in both technological and public policy in health that were also significant in explaining changes in IMR. The available data support the hypothesis that HS matters to understand the significant decrease in IMR over the past 100 years and that within total expenditure, there are other Ps components other that HS that have also contributed to this decline even to a greater extent. These results suggest that in regard to the decline of IMR, isnot relevant only the generation of resourcesk, but their allocation is also important, particularly the portion intended for the provision of public services, whose impact on IMR can be direct or indirect.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Instituto de Economía - IECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 11-12.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Infant mortality; Public spending; Economic growth; Time series; Uruguay;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
- H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-03-28 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Andrés Dean).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.