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Desigualdades regionais e retomada do crescimento num quadro de integração económica

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Author Info

  • L. Lavinas
  • M. H. Garcia
  • M. R. Amaral

Abstract

Este artigo apresenta um quadro geral da evolução das desigualdades regionais entre os estados e regiões brasileiras ao longo do período 85/95, através da análise de indicadores sociais e econômicos. A partir de tais indicadores constata-se tendência ao aumento da dispersão das rendas estaduais, sobretudo após 1992, apontando para o recrudescimento das desigualdades entre unidades da federação. A avaliação do desempenho econômico se dá com base na evolução dos PIB estaduais (setoriais) e da balança comercial. Numa década de crescimento mediocre algumas regiões periféricas parecem estar redefinindo sua inserção a nivel do comércio internacinal, como é o caso do Norte e do Centro-Oeste. O Nordeste evidencia forte estagnação no período analisado, não se integrando ao Mercosul, que favorece primordialmente os estados das regiões Sul e Sudeste, destacadamente São Paulo. Assim, podemos indicar o risco de que novas trajetórias de crescimento possam vir a ser abortadas por carecerem de condições mínimas de sustentação, como ocorrido no passado recente.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/1996/Doc1196.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1196.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Dec 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1196

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Cited by:
  1. Araújo, Maria da Piedade & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2008. "Infra-estrutura de transpporte: uma análise através de modelos aplicados de equilíbrio geral inter-regional
    [Transport infrastructure: an analysis with applied models of general equilibrium]
    ," MPRA Paper 31412, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Fernando Salgueiro Perobelli & Eduardo Amaral Haddad & Vinicius De Almeida Vale, 2014. "Assessing The Brazilian Regionaleconomic Structure: A Spatial Output Decomposition Analysis," Anais do XL Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 40th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 170, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  3. Silveira, Suely F.R & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 1999. "Water use in the São Francisco River basin, Brazil: an interregional input-output analysis," MPRA Paper 54674, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Araújo, Maria da Piedade & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2005. "Transport infrastructure and regional development in Brazil," MPRA Paper 54562, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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