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Cambios en el patrón de especialización regional. Viejas ventajas comparativas y nuevas economías de escala


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  • María Inés Terra
  • Marcel Vaillant


This paper analysis new hypothesis about the effects off regional integration on the MERCOSUR countries. From characterizing the initial patterns of specialization, it discusses the relevance of centre-periphery agglomeration hypothesis. It argues that the economic integration could increase the specialization from comparative advantages but, when there are economies of scale, also could produce a relocalization in the geographic economic activity. The existence of economies of scale and transport cost imply that the relative market's size is relevant to determine the specialization. The geographic regions, that's to say economic space naturally integrate with low transport costs, turn up an significative category to stdy specialization issues. Uruguay, as an interior border of MERCOSUR, faces an privileged geography which could be its main advantage in the process of integration. This advantage appears, in the demand side and in the supply side, because its population can improve their utility for increase on consume variety, or through improving its efficiency for specialization.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 0894.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Dec 1994
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0894

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Cited by:
  1. Ari Kokko & Ruben Tansini & Mario Zejan, 1994. "Productivity spillovers from FDI in the Uruguayan manufacturing sector," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 0194, Department of Economics - dECON.
  2. María Inés Terra & Adriana Gigliotti, 1994. "Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 0794, Department of Economics - dECON.
  3. Alvaro Forteza, 1994. "On the Political Economy of the Welfare State," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 0594, Department of Economics - dECON.


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