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La gran depresión (1929-1932) en Chile

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  • Luis Riveros

Abstract

Este artículo analiza el transcurso de la Gran depresión (1929 – 1932) en Chile. Su principal propósito es extraer lecciones de política en vistas a la recesión mundial que se encuentra actualmente en curso. Se analizan los prolegómenos, especialmente la crisis de pos guerra y la recuperación conseguida a partir de 1925. El estudio de la crisis se centra en los efectos productivos, de empleo, de comercio exterior y macroeconómicos en general, que derivaron en significativos problemas políticos y en un proteccionismo industrial que marcaría el resto de la historia económica chilena del siglo XX. El estudio señala que la autoridad actuó muy tardíamente para producir la inconvertibilidad del peso que habría permitido un ajuste mas rápido frente a una circunstancia externa que llevó a deficitarios resultados en la balanza comercial, imposibilidad de acceso a financiamiento externo y, además, a pérdida de reservas y a políticas de déficit fiscal con emisión monetaria que también llevaron a una creciente inflación a partir de 1932.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/1f8c7b96-a415-45de-80f4-7ee899b81434.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp293.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp293

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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  1. > Economic History > Regional Economic History > Latin American Economic History > Economic History of Chile

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