Economic Institutions and the Boundaries of the Firm: The Case of Business Groups
AbstractBusiness groups in all of their manifestations are informational mechanisms for coordinating complementary activities -- for "gap filling." This is well known in the literature on business groups outside the Anglo-American sphere. Especially in developing economies, where markets are thin and institutions (including both political institutions and what I call market-supporting institutions) are weak or non-existent, coordination is often more cheaply undertaken within the boundaries of business groups organized as financial pyramids, typically under family control. These organizations are intimately linked to the coalition of territorial rulers that North and his coauthors (2009) call a natural state; and, indeed, such business groups are arguably themselves examples of a natural state, in that they represent a self-enforcing coalition with its own rules, norms, and mechanisms of enforcement. But even in developed economies, novelty and change create the sorts of gaps that call for business groups in the widest sense, including less-formal sets of "intermediate" relationships, as, for example, in industrial districts. In this sense, the economics of organization generally has perhaps more to learn from the literature on business groups than the other way around.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Working papers with number 2009-23.
Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in Asli M. Colpan, Takashi Hikino, and James R. Lincoln, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Business Groups. Oxford: Oxford University Press, in preparation.
Note: Paper presented at the Kyoto International Conference "Evolutionary Dynamics of Business Groups in Emerging Economies," November 26-28, 2007, Kyoto University and Doshisha University
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business groups; vertical integration; transaction costs; institutional economics; business history.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
- L63 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
- N62 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O34 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
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- NEP-CBE-2009-08-16 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-HIS-2009-08-16 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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