Agricultural Productivity in the Early Ottoman Empire
AbstractThis paper provides standardized estimates of labor productivity in arable farming in selected regions of the early Ottoman Empire, including Jerusalem and neighboring districts in eastern Mediterranean; Bursa and Malatya in Anatolia; and Thessaly, Herzegovina, and Budapest in eastern Europe. I use data from the tax registers of the Ottoman Empire to estimate grain output per worker, standardized (in bushels of wheat equivalent) to allow productivity comparisons within these regions and with other times and places. The results suggest that Ottoman agriculture in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had achieved levels of labor productivity that compared favorably even with most European countries circa 1850.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Working papers with number 2004-35.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision: Oct 2005
Publication status: Forthcoming in Research in Economic History.
Note: This paper previously circulated under the title "Agricultural Productivity in Eastern Europe and Western Asia in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries"
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Postal: University of Connecticut 341 Mansfield Road, Unit 1063 Storrs, CT 06269-1063
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More information through EDIRC
Ottoman Empire; labor productivity; agriculture;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N1 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
- N5 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-11-22 (All new papers)
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