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Decentralization: A survey from a child welfare perspective

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  • Jeni Klugman
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    Abstract

    This paper develops a framework by which the impact of decentralization of government on child welfare can be assessed. Consistent with the child welfare perspective, it is suggested that equity should be given greatest weight, in terms of both equality of opportunity and progress in reducing disparities in access. Allocative efficiency, a notion that has figured prominently in the economics literature about the merits of decentralization, is shown to have limited value once we accept the existence of externalities and public goods in the provision of basic services. The review of available evidence for Asian and transition countries suggests that there is a significant risk that equity can be adversely affected by the decentralization of education and the associated financing arrangements.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in its series Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series with number iopeps97/6.

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    Length: 52
    Date of creation: 1997
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ucf:iopeps:iopeps97/6

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    Related research

    Keywords: access to basic services; child welfare; decentralization; economic transition; equal opportunities;

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    Cited by:
    1. Linden, Leigh L. & Shastry, Gauri Kartini, 2012. "Grain inflation: Identifying agent discretion in response to a conditional school nutrition program," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 128-138.

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