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Eficiencia y equidad en la ubicación de bienes colectivos locales indivisibles

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  • Joan Pasqual

    ()
    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

En contraste con el problema clásico en el que, en el óptimo, un bien colectivo local se suministra en todas y cada una de las localidades en alguna cantidad, la mejor ubicación para un bien colectivo local indivisible no es un problema que pueda resolverse atendiendo exclusivamente a la eficiencia paretiana. Con sólo dos ciudades ocurre que la frontera de posibilidades de bienestar asociada a la ubicación del bien en una ciudad no siempre domina o es dominada por la correspondiente a la otra ciudad. Para resolver la indeterminación existen tres alternativas: prescindir de la distribución del bienestar, de la eficiencia, o bien complementar el criterio de eficiencia paretiana con un criterio distributivo. En el trabajo se examinan diversas formas de decisión, como una función de bienestar social, los criterios de Kaldor y de Rawls, la unanimidad, la mayoría simple y el despotismo

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File URL: http://www.ecap.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wpdea0412.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0412.

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Length: 14 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0412

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Keywords: bienes colectivos locales; ubicación; eficiencia; equidad; elección social;

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