Poverty, Customary Economy and Migration in Metro Manila: An Analysis of Changes in Social Customs in a Squatter Area: 1985-1994
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to examine the chronic poverty problems in Metro Manila, based on the NSO data and the participant observations in a squatters area. Indeed, we can recognize the improvement in the poverty incidence in M. M. during the 1990s, but the level of the alleviation may tend to be exaggerated. In fact, while it is often pointed out that most of the slum dwellers are migrants from Bicol, Western and Eastern Visayas, the pattern of the immigration of M. M. has not yet changed. Furthermore, we would like to explain the changes in the "customary economy" through the participant observations since 1985. Such an informal economic mechanism secures the poor social safety nets, which they cannot obtain in "market economy". We can point out that such a role of "customary economy" may be based on the town-mate socio-economic relationships, "kababayan". During the 1990s, the dominant mechanism in the labor market has changed from the "bilateral vertical" to the "multilateral horizontal" relationships. It can be a symptom of mobilizing community resources in the Philippines.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-44.
Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Apr 1999
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033
Web page: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/index.html
More information through EDIRC
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CIRJE administrative office).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.