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Investment Frictions versus Financing Frictions

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  • Takao Kobayashi

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Risa Sai

    (Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo)

Abstract

Bertola/Caballero (1994) and Abel/Eberly (1996) extended Jorgenson's classical model of firms' optimal investment. By introducing investment frictions, they were able to capture the role of future anticipations in investment decisions as well as the lumpy and intermittent nature of investment dynamics. We extend Jorgenson's model to the other direction of financing frictions. We construct a model of an equity-only firm, who must pay a linear financing cost for issuing new shares. We show that the firm's optimal investment-financing is a two-trigger policy in which the firm finances investment by issuing new shares (supplementing internal funds) when the shadow price of capital hits the upper trigger value. When the shadow price hits the lower trigger value, she sells a portion of her capital stock and buys back shares (or pays dividends). Values of the shadow price of capital between the two trigger values define a range of "inaction", in which the firm does neither issue nor buy back shares and invests all of her internal funds for expansion.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-627.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2009cf627

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  1. Abel, Andrew B, 1983. "Optimal Investment under Uncertainty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 228-33, March.
  2. Dumas, Bernard, 1991. "Super contact and related optimality conditions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 675-685, October.
  3. Hayashi, Fumio, 1982. "Tobin's Marginal q and Average q: A Neoclassical Interpretation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 213-24, January.
  4. Andrew B. Abel & Janice C. Eberly, 1995. "Optimal Investment with Costly Reversibility," NBER Working Papers 5091, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Christopher A. Hennessy & Toni M. Whited, 2007. "How Costly Is External Financing? Evidence from a Structural Estimation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 62(4), pages 1705-1745, 08.
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