Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The fiscal incidence of provision of free basic water

Contents:

Author Info

  • Servaas van der Berg

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Ada Jansen

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Cobus Burger

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Eldridge Moses

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Hassan Essop

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

Abstract

A policy of free basic services (water, sanitation and electricity) was introduced by the government in 2000 to provide basic services to households unable to afford these services. The policy allows for six kilolitres of water free monthly to all households, irrespective of household size or demographics. The assumption was that water consumption is relatively insensitive to the tariff structure, thus alternative tariff structures were applied to obtain the same amount of revenue for unchanged consumption. Aggregate costs of water consumption of R3.8 billion in 2006 by households with piped water were relatively small compared to social spending of about R177 billion. In comparison to a fixed price structure, the gains from the actual tariff structure were quite small for most households who benefited. The net gains of the poorest 40% of households of R61 million per year from the IBT plus Free Basic Water was quite small when compared to social spending of R88 billion to their benefit. The analysis illustrates the limitation of redistributive policies at municipal level. Those who gain are more often in the middle of the national income distribution, although they are the poorer members of the urban population.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2009/wp112009/wp-11-2009.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11/2009.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers83

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Private Bag X1, 7602 Matieland
Phone: 021-8082247
Fax: +27 (0)21-808 2409
Email:
Web page: http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Publicly provided goods; National government expenditure;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers83. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Melt van Schoor).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.