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La crise, l’industrie et la finance (crisis, industry and finance)

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  • Denis LANGLET

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    (RRI)

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    Abstract

    Ce document analyse la crise dans l’industrie. Les uns après les autres pays et branches industrielles, sont durement touchés par des suppressions d’emploi dont l’ampleur donne le vertige. Dans les années 80, le monde de l’industrie a été bouleversé. Le modèle économique des groupes industriels repose sur une combinaison des activités industrielles et financières. Ce modèle, ici détaillé, met ces groupes à la merci des marchés financiers. La crise du crédit conjuguée à la baisse du revenu disponible a transformé la crise financière en crise économique de surproduction. Cet article présente les réactions des directions de grands groupes face à la crise à partir d’exemples précis. La situation financière de ces groupes est aussi analysée, et notamment l’importance à la fois des bénéfices réalisés et du poids de leur dette. Enfin, l’auteur aborde ce qu’il estime être des facteurs d’aggravation de la crise. Une fois de plus, la variable d’ajustement des comptes des grands groupes est essentiellement la force de travail, son effectif, et son taux horaire. Denis Langlet est l’auteur du livre « L’industrie dans la tourmente de la finance » édité chez l’Harmattan en mai 2008. This article analyses the economic crisis. In each country and each industrial branch, more and more companies lay off thousand and thousand workers. During 80’s years, the industrial world was greatly upset. The culture of the firms is boundaryless, outsourcing, subcontracting, cost reduction and merger/acquisitions. This economic model put the firms under the monetary founds pression. The monetary crisis and the fall of the disposable income change the situation: financial crisis become economical and global crisis. This article presents the top management declarations about this crisis and their commitment towards shareholders. The financial situation of these groups and their huge debt are pointed. Then, the author speaks about the cost reduction policy whose the first target is the working class. Denis Langlet is the author of the book untitled “L’industrie dans la tourmente de la finance” edited by L’Harmattan in 2008 may.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 7.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Documents de travail du RRI, 2009
    Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:7

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    Keywords: crisis; industry; firm; finance; shareholders;

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