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Braudel et Schumpeter : deux manières de voir le capitalisme ? (Braudel and Schumpeter : two different ways to consider capitalism ? )

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  • Fabrice Dannequin

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    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Etudier le capitalisme peut se réaliser de façon fructueuse par la comparaison/confrontation d'auteurs comme Fernand Braudel et Joseph Schumpeter. Certes, le marché et le capitalisme sont imbriqués chez l'économiste, alors que chez l'historien les activités capitalistes ne constituent qu'une des modalités de l'échange au sein d'une tripartition. Néanmoins, dans les deux approches, les institutions, comme la monnaie et la concurrence, jouent un rôle fondamental. Le capitalisme connaît également un mouvement prenant la forme de cycles. Mais le moteur principal du système diffère : fondé sur l'entrepreneur chez Schumpeter, fruit d'un mouvement d'ensemble chez Braudel. Finalement, le rôle de l'individu constitue un des points de clivage entre ces deux analyses ouvertes sur les autres sciences sociales. Study of the capitalism can be made according to a profitable way by the comparison/opposition of authors like Fernand Braudel and Joseph Schumpeter. Indeed, the market and the capitalism are overlapped in the economist model, when in the historical model the capitalist activities are only one of the modalities of exchange in a tripartition. However, in the two models, institutions like money and concurrence play a fundamental role. Capitalism has also a motion with a cycle shape. But the main engine of the system defer : based on the entrepreneur in the Schumpeter model, resulted of a global motion in the Braudel model. Finally, the individual's role is one of the split between these two analyses open on the other social sciences.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 85.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2004
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Séptembre 2004
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:85

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    Keywords: Capitalisme; Braudel; Schumpeter; concurrence; monnaie; individu/capitalism; Braudel; Schumpeter; concurrence; money; induvidual;

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