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Entrepreneur et accumulation chez Schumpeter (Entrepreneur and accumulation according to Schumpeter)

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  • Fabrice Dannequin

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    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Le retour de la figure de l'entrepreneur s'appuie notamment sur les travaux de Schumpeter. La dynamique du capitalisme se fonde ainsi sur l'innovation, fonction assumée par l'entrepreneur chez cet auteur. Mais l'agent économique endossant cet habit peut également réaliser d'autres tâches. Le présent travail articulera donc la fonction de l'entrepreneur avec l'agent économique qui la réalise, l'entrepreneur-agent. Schumpeter décrit le fonctionnement du capitalisme concurrentiel entraîné par l'action d'entrepreneur-agent individuels. L'innovation nécessite de vaincre la routine et plus généralement les freins à la nouveauté L'entrepreneur correspond alors à une personne aux aptitudes exceptionnelles et dont les motivations ne sont pas économiques. Cependant, l'évolution engendre une transformation du capitalisme et de l'entrepreneur. Le capitalisme concurrentiel cède la place au capitalisme de trust dominé par la grande entreprise. Puis, à son tour le socialisme devient l'héritier présumé du capitalisme, mort de son succès. L'entrepreneur-agent se transforme au cours de cette évolution de la société. Néanmoins, le travail de Schumpeter suscite des interrogations critiques, en particulier sur le rôle de l'Etat, la place du risque et de l'incertitude et enfin la grande entreprise. The entrepreneur's come-back is notably based on Schumpeter's writings. The dynamic of capitalism is therefore founded on innovation, a function assumed, according to Schumpeter, by the entrepreneur. However, the economic agent can also achieve other tasks. This paper links the entrepreneur's function with the economic agent who plays this role, that is to say, the agent-entrepreneur. Schumpeter describes the working of competitive capitalism carried along by individual agent-entrepreneurs. Innovation requires the overcoming of routine and, on the whole, of the brakes which hinder new developments. The entrepreneur is an individual with exceptional capacities and non-economic motives. But evolution transforms capitalism and entrepreneurs. Competitive capitalism is replaced by trustified capitalism, dominated by big corporations. Then, socialism becomes the presumed heir of capitalism, dead because of its success. The Agent-entrepreneur changes as society evolves. Nevertheless, Schumpeter's work give rise to critical issues, especially concerning the role of States, the place of risk and uncertainty and finally of big companies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 59.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2002
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Novembre 2002
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:59

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    Keywords: Entrepreneur; accumulation; Schumpeter; capitalisme; innovation/ entrepreneur; accumulation; Schumpeter; capitalism; innovation.;

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