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La naissance du concept de Naoukograd en Russie BIRTH OF THE CONCEPT OF NAOUKOGRAD

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  • Guillem ACHERMANN

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Les villes scientifiques soviétiques n’ont pas toujours eu de dénomination particulière. Elles étaient englobées dans une logique de planification. A la veille de la chute de l’URSS, le caractère particulier de ces villes scientifiques a poussé les élites locales à réagir : le concept de « naoukograd » était né. En proie à une transition économique difficile, les villes scientifiques russes ont été contraintes d’accentuer leur héritage soviétique pour acquérir un statut juridique approprié. Ce document retrace la naissance du concept de naoukograd depuis le début de la période soviétique jusqu'à nos jours. The Soviet scientific cities have not always had a specific denomination. They were included in the logic of the soviet plan. On the eve of the USSR collapse, the specific situation of these scientific cities stretched the local elite to react. Thus, the concept of “naukograd” was born. Experiencing a complicated economic transition, the Russian scientific cities were compelled to emphasize their soviet heritage in order to get an adequate legal status. This document tracks the rise of the naukograd concept from the start of the soviet period until now.

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    File URL: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/doc-243.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 243.

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    Length: 14 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2011
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Septembre 2011
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:243

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    Keywords: ville scientifique; URSS; naoukograd;

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