Back to Basics: Private and Public Investment in Basic R&D and Macroeconomic Growth
AbstractThis paper introduces endogenous technical change through basic and applied research in a growth model. Basic research differs from applied research in two significant ways. First, significant advances in technological knowledge come through basic research rather than applied research. Second, these significant advances could potentially be applicable to multiple industries. Since these applications are not immediate, the innovating firm cannot exploit all the benefits of the basic innovations for production. We analyze the impact of this appropriability problem on firms' basic research incentives in an endogenous growth framework with private firms and an academic sector. After characterizing the equilibrium, we estimate our model using micro level data on research expenditures and behavior by French firms. We then decompose the aggregate growth by the source and type of innovation. Moreover, we quantitatively document the size of the underinvestment in basic research and consider various research policies to alleviate this inefficiency. Our analysis highlights the need for devoting a larger fraction of GDP for basic academic research, as well as higher subsidy rates for private research.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 1196.
Date of creation: 2011
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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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"Education, Innovation, and Long-Run Growth,"
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0731, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University, revised Mar 2009.
- Katsuhiko Hori & Katsunori Yamada, 2011. "Education, Innovation, and Long-Run Growth," KIER Working Papers 798, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
- Katsuhiko Hori & Katsunori Yamada, 2008. "Education, Innovation, and Long-Run Growth," Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Discussion Paper Series 2008-041, Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Program.
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