Regional income gaps in the U.S.A. today -- what can geography and slavery explain?
AbstractBefore the abolition of slavery, some states and counties in the U.S.A. relied more on slavery than others, and the most slave intense regions were among the richest in the nation. Today, however, previously slave intense regions are among the poorest. We pose two questions. (1) What can account for the geographical differences in slavery? (2) What caused the reversal in the ranking of incomes? Our answer to the first question has to do with variations in climate, and access to shipping points. Our answer to the second has to do with inequality in the distribution of human capital: when industrialization set in skilled labor became more important, so states with a large fraction of the labor force being former slaves -- and thus less educated -- started lagging behind
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 676.
Date of creation: 2004
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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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Income distribution; education; slavery;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N22 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
- O14 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-08-02 (All new papers)
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- Lionel Artige & Carmen Camacho & David De La Croix, 2004.
"Wealth Breeds Decline: Reversals of Leadership and Consumption Habits,"
Journal of Economic Growth,
Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 423-449, December.
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