International Price Dispersion in State-Dependent Pricing Models: Theory and Evidence
AbstractStudies of disaggregated price data document a robust, positive relationship between nominal exchange rate (NER) volatility and the variability of relative prices for cities separated by national borders. This relationship is interpreted as evidence of sticky prices. This paper shows that a state-dependent sticky price model implies a U-shaped rather than monotonic relationship between relative price variability and nominal exchange rate volatility. In relatively calm environments, higher NER volatility lowers relative price variability as firms adjust more frequently. Only when exchange rate volatility is sufficiently large and firms adjust almost instantaneously, does higher nominal exchange rate volatility cause more variable relative prices. We provide empirical support for this result using a novel dataset of homogeneous goods prices collected in Eastern Europe during 1998-2002. Relative price variability is increasing in nominal exchange rate volatility during the years of the Russian financial crisis, but is falling in NER in the calmer years that follow
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 206.
Date of creation: 2004
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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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exchange rates; menu costs; relative price variability;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
- F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
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