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Mapping Careers and Mobility of Doctorate Holders: Dratf Guidelines, Model Questionnaire and Indicators

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  • Laudeline Auriol
  • Bernard Felix
  • Ernesto Fernandez-Polcuch
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    Abstract

    Human resources are recognised as being key to the creation, commercialisation and diffusion of innovation. Among them, doctorate holders are not only the most qualified in terms of educational attainment, but also those who are specifically trained to conduct research. Not much is known however about their career and mobility patterns on the labour market. This is why the OECD launched in 2004 a collaborative project with the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Eurostat aimed at developing internationally comparable indicators on the careers and mobility of doctorate holders. An expert group with representatives from national statistical bodies was formed to develop the technical components of the project and start compiling data at national level. This document presents the three main technical components of the project which are: 1) the methodological guidelines; 2) a core model questionnaire and instruction manual; and 3) the output indicator tables used for reporting data at the international level. The current draft was discussed by the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) in June 2007 and approved for broader diffusion. Its aim is to provide guidance to countries that wish to implement the project at national level. It is planned to work on a new and improved version following the outcomes of the data collection launched in November 2007. Suivi des carrières et de la mobilité des titulaires de doctorats : proposition de directives, questionnaire modèle et indicateurs Les ressources humaines ont un rôle déterminant pour la création, la commercialisation et la diffusion d'innovations. Parmi cette population, les titulaires de doctorat ne sont pas seulement ceux les plus qualifiés en terme de niveau d'éducation, mais aussi ceux qui ont été spécifiquement formés à la recherche. Peu de choses sont connues néanmoins sur leurs trajectoires de carrières et de mobilités. C'est pourquoi l'OCDE a lancé en 2004 un projet en collaboration avec l'Institut statistique de l'UNESCO et Eurostat ayant pour objectif de développer des indicateurs sur les carrières et la mobilité des titulaires de doctorat comparables au plan international. Un groupe d'experts formés de représentants des agences statistiques nationales a été mis en place pour développer les composantes techniques du projet et initier la collecte de données au niveau national. Ce document présente les trois principales composantes techniques du projet qui sont : 1) les directives méthodologiques ; 2) un questionnaire modèle et manuel d'instruction ; et 3) des tableaux d'indicateurs de sortie utilisés pour recueillir les données au niveau international. Le document dans sa présente forme a été discuté par le Groupe de travail des experts nationaux sur les indicateurs de science et de technologie (GENIST) en juin 2007 et approuvé pour une diffusion plus large. Il est prévu d'en préparer une version améliorée sur la base de l'expérience acquise au cours de la collecte de données lancée en novembre 2007.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2007/6.

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    Date of creation: 17 Dec 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2007/6-en

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