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An Emerging Knowledge-Based Economy in China?: Indicators from OECD Databases

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  • Chiara Criscuolo
  • Ralf Martin
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    Abstract

    This paper shows that China is catching up rapidly with other dynamic Asian economies and the Triad economies on a score of indicators relating to the knowledge-based economy. Taking into account that a number of measurement issues hamper international comparability to varying degrees, some of the main results are the following. • Economic growth in China has outpaced the other economies substantially. Nevertheless, GDP per capita is still considerably smaller than that of the other economies. • The main contributor to GDP in China is industry (mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; and construction), which saw its share rise by 10 percentage points to 52% between 1990 and 2002. • Trade in goods as a percentage of GDP doubled between 1990 and 2002, reaching a level well above that of the Triad economies. The largest contribution to this expansion was made by... Les multinationales et le rôle préponderant de la productivité américaine : Le cas de la Grande-Bretagne D'après des études américaines au niveau de l'entreprise, les multinationales américaines sont plus productives que les autres multinationales. Cette situation pourrait s'expliquer par le rôle prééminent de la productivité aux États-Unis ou par la facilité avec laquelle les entreprises américaines exercent leurs activités sur le territoire de leur pays. La démonstration serait plus convaincante si les entreprises américaines étaient en tête à l'extérieur des États-Unis. Nous étudions la productivité des établissements industriels détenus par des entreprises américaines situées au Royaume-Uni. Notre étude se démarque de beaucoup d'études consacrées aux établissements industriels à capitaux étrangers de trois manières. Premièrement, grâce à une nouvelle base de données, nous pouvons identifier non seulement les multinationales étrangères, mais également les multinationales nationales. Nous concluons que les multinationales du Royaume-Uni sont moins productives que les établissements ...

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2004/4.

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    Date of creation: 22 Mar 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2004/4-en

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