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Private Pensions in OECD Countries: Australia

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Author Info

  • Hazel Bateman
  • John Piggott

Abstract

As most other OECD Member countries had already done, Australia has, since 1991, supplemented an existing flat-rate universal (but means-tested) residence-based old-age pension by a compulsory earnings related second tier for employees known as the “Superannuation Guarantee”. However, it was the first Member country in which the favoured format of participation in the second tier is in the form of pure “money purchase” schemes in which benefits are determined solely by the amount which accumulates in individual accounts. Benefits are predominately paid as lump-sums on retirement, although tax arrangements are being changed to encourage beneficiaries to purchase annuities. This report, compiled by two Australian experts, describes this system and its relation to pre-existing tax-advantaged voluntary provision, which only covered one-third of employees but remains predominant in terms of assets accumulated and benefits payable. The report discusses the sources of retirement ... Comme la plupart des autres pays Membres de l’OCDE l’avaient fait avant elle, l’Australie a, depuis 1991, complété son régime de retraite universel à taux uniforme (mais lié à un niveau de ressources), par un second pilier d’épargne retraite obligatoire proportionnelle aux gains pour les salariés, appelé système de garantie de retraite. Toutefois, c’est le seul pays à avoir privilégié, pour le deuxième pilier d’épargne, les régimes à cotisations définies dans lesquels les prestations sont uniquement fonction des sommes accumulées sur les comptes des bénéficiaires. Les prestations sont la plupart du temps servies sous la forme d’un capital versé intégralement au moment du départ à la retraite, mais une réforme des dispositions fiscales visant à encourager les bénéficiaires à opter pour le paiement d’une rente est en préparation. Ce rapport, rédigé par deux experts australiens, décrit ce système de garantie de retraite et ses liens avec le régime volontaire préexistant auquel étaient ...

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers with number 23.

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Date of creation: 1997
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaaa:23-en

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Cited by:
  1. Mariangela Bonasia & Oreste Napolitano, 2006. "The Impact of Privatisation of Pension System on National Saving: The Case of Australia and Iceland," Discussion Papers 3_2006, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  2. Olivia S. Mitchell & John Piggott, 2000. "Developments in Retirement Provision: Global Trends and Lessons from Australia and the US," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 00-07, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  3. Mariangela Bonasia & Oreste Napolitano, 2007. "Do Fundamentals and Credibility Matter in a Funded Pension System ?A Markov Switching Analysis for Australia and Iceland," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 50(2), pages 221-248.
  4. Malcolm Edey & John Simon, 1996. "Australia's Retirement Income System: Implications for Saving and Capital Markets," NBER Working Papers 5799, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Whitehouse, Edward, 2001. "Pension systems in 15 countries compared: the value of entitlements," MPRA Paper 14751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. James Banks & Carl Emmerson, 2000. "Public and private pension spending: principles, practice and the need for reform," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 1-63, March.
  7. Garry Barrett & Yi-Ping Tseng, 2007. "Retirement Saving in Australia," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 177, McMaster University.
  8. Eduardo Siandra, 1998. "Sistemas de pensiones, sus reformas y los mercados de capitales," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0299, Department of Economics - dECON.
  9. Rammohan, Anu, 2004. "Child care and female employment decisions: A theoretical note," Working Papers 3, University of Sydney, School of Economics.

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