Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Has the Rise in Debt Made Households More Vulnerable?

Contents:

Author Info

  • Nathalie Girouard
  • Mike Kennedy
  • Christophe André

Abstract

This paper reviews, for a number of OECD economies, macroeconomic developments in household balance sheets over the past two decades. The main findings show that the rise in household debt to historical levels has been driven by a combination of favourable financial conditions and buoyant housing markets. There have also been a number of supply-side innovations in credit markets that have eased the access to credit for lower income borrowers and reduced financial constraints for first-time homebuyers. Total household net wealth has risen and provided households with a financial cushion against a negative shock. That said, households in a number of countries have leveraged balance sheets and the sensitivity to house price and interest rate developments has likely increased. The paper then examines micro level information which suggests that most of the debt is held by households better able to manage it. In particular, the major part of debt is held by higher-income households, who also spend a smaller proportion of their disposable income servicing debts. Lower-income households, with less ability to service debt, do not hold that much and, as such, the spill over effects from this group to the rest of the economy are perhaps not large. Whether the situation remains benign or not is discussed in the final section of the paper. Estimates presented point to significant effects of changes in net wealth on household saving rates in a large number of the countries studied. Les ménages sont-ils plus vulnérables du fait de leur endettement croissant? Cette étude examine pour un certain nombre de pays de l’OCDE, l’évolution macroéconomique des bilans des ménages depuis deux décennies. Le fait que l’endettement des ménages, en particulier sous la forme d’emprunts hypothécaires atteigne des niveaux records dans plusieurs pays tient à des conditions financières favorables et au dynamisme du marché du logement. En outre, un certain nombre d’innovations sont apparues du côté de l’offre sur le marché du crédit et ont facilité l’emprunt pour les titulaires de bas revenus tout en allégeant les contraintes financières pour les primo-acquéreurs. De plus, le patrimoine net des ménages a aussi cru et permet de protéger financièrement les ménages en cas de choc négatif. Cela étant, l’effet de levier des ménages semblent important dans plusieurs pays et la sensibilité à l’évolution des prix des logements et des taux d’intérêt s’est probablement accentuée. L'étude analyse ensuite des informations microéconomiques et montrent que la majeure partie de l’endettement est le fait des ménages les mieux à même de le gérer. En particulier, la dette a été surtout contractée par les ménages à revenu élevé, qui affectent une plus faible proportion de leur revenu disponible au service de leur dette. Les ménages à bas revenu, dont la capacité de service de la dette est moindre, ne représentent pas une aussi forte proportion de l’endettement, de sorte que l’impact de la situation de cette catégorie sur le reste de l’économie n’est sans doute pas très marqué. Les conséquences de ce phénomène sont discutées dans la dernière partie de cette étude. Les estimations suggèrent des effets de richesse important sur le taux d'épargne des ménages dans plusieurs pays.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/352035704305
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 535.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 13 Dec 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:535-en

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Email:
Web page: http://www.oecd.org
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: household debt; household assets; housing market; endettement des ménages; actifs des ménages; marché des logements;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Christophe André, 2010. "A Bird's Eye View of OECD Housing Markets," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 746, OECD Publishing.
  2. Michael Ball, 2010. "Critical Commentary. Cities and Housing Markets: Changes and Continuities in the Aftermath of the 2007-08 World Financial Crisis," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(5), pages 931-944, May.
  3. Hein, Eckhard, 2011. "Distribution, ‘Financialisation’ and the Financial and Economic Crisis – Implications for Post-crisis Economic Policies," MPRA Paper 31180, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Atalay, Kadir & Whelan, Stephen & Yates, Judith, 2013. "Housing Wealth and Household Consumption: New Evidence from Australia and Canada," Working Papers 2013-04, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
  5. Nikolay Hristov & Oliver Hülsewig & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2010. "Financial Frictions and Inflation Differentials in a Monetary Union," CESifo Working Paper Series 3235, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Zuzana Brixiova & Laura Vartia & Andreas Woergoetter, 2009. "Capital Inflows, Household Debt And The Boom Bust Cycle In Estonia," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp965, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  7. Christine Whitehead, 2012. "Discussion of Property Market Cycles as Paths to Financial Distress," RBA Annual Conference Volume, in: Alexandra Heath & Frank Packer & Callan Windsor (ed.), Property Markets and Financial Stability Reserve Bank of Australia.
  8. Muellbauer, John, 2008. "Housing, Credit and Consumer Expenditure," CEPR Discussion Papers 6782, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Hein, Eckhard, 2012. "Finance-dominated capitalism, re-distribution and the financial and economic crises: A European perspective," IPE Working Papers 14/2012, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
  10. Eckhard Hein, 2013. "The crisis of finance-dominated capitalism in the euro area, deficiencies in the economic policy architecture, and deflationary stagnation policies," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 36(2), pages 325-354, January.
  11. Alena Bicakova & Zuzana Prelcova & Renata Pasalicova, 2011. "Who Borrows and Who May Not Repay?," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp443, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  12. Engelbert Stockhammer, 2011. "Polarisierung der Einkommensverteilung als strukturelle Ursache der gegenwärtigen Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 37(3), pages 378-402.
  13. Engelbert Stockhammer, 2010. "Financialization and the Global Economy," Working Papers wp240, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  14. Andrew Coleman & Grant Scobie, 2009. "A Simple Model of Housing Rental and Ownership with Policy Simulations," Working Papers 09_08, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  15. Fessler, Pirmin & Schürz, Martin & Albacete, Nicolas, 2012. "Risk Buffer Profiles of Foreign Currency Mortgage Holders," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 23.
  16. Schürz, Martin & Beer, Christian, 2007. "Characteristics of Household Debt in Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 58–79.
  17. Jörg Bibow, 2010. "Alternative Strategien der Budgetkonsolidierung in Österreich nach der Rezession," IMK Studies 03-2010, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  18. Katherine Henderson & Grant M. Scobie, 2009. "Household Debt in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 09/03, New Zealand Treasury.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:535-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.