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Participatory Development and Gender: Articulating Concepts and Cases

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  • Winifred Weekes-Vagliani
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    Abstract

    This paper begins with an explanation of the need for a gender perspective in the participatory development field. Subsequently it examines some of the obstacles to achieving the goals, such as cultural beliefs and practices, including the social organisation of production. Ways of surmounting these obstacles include: a gender focus of efforts, advocacy, flexible funding and evidence that participation works. Various positions in the debate in regard to: the project paradigm, social actors versus communities as entities and women's organisations and participatory development issues are also presented. An effort is made to spell out the implications of gender differentiation with numerous examples from the literature and interviews ... En premier lieu ce document souligne la nécessité d'appréhender différemment la contribution des hommes et des femmes au développement participatif. Ensuite il passe en revue certains des obstacles susceptibles de freiner ce processus, telles que les croyances et pratiques socio-culturelles et l'organisation sociale du travail. Comment surmonter ces obstacles ? En mettant en relief les rôles respectifs des hommes et des femmes au plan des initiatives locales ; en obtenant le soutien des responsables pour les projets de développement participatif ; en prévoyant des modes de financement souple pour les projets de développement local ; et en démontrant l'efficacité de cette participation. L'accent est mis sur les limites de ce type d'approche au développement, le manque d'homogénéité d'intérêts dans les communautés locales et le rôle de groupements de femmes dans le développement participatif. Enfin, à partir de nombreux exemples issues d'ouvrages et d'entretiens, on s'est attaché à ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/011121626005
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 95.

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    Date of creation: Feb 1994
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:95-en

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