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L'allégement de la dette au Club de Paris : Les évolutions récentes en perspective

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  • Ann Vourc'h

Abstract

Qu'apporte le Club de Paris aux pays débiteurs, et plus particulièrement aux plus pauvres d'entre eux ? Destiné à desserrer la contrainte de liquidité d'un pays faisant face à des problèmes de paiement, en rééchelonnant sa dette auprès des gouvernements créanciers, le Club de Paris est très souvent intervenu depuis le début de la crise de la dette. Depuis le sommet de Toronto de juin 1988, il joue également le rôle de pourvoyeur d'aide envers les pays débiteurs les plus pauvres. Après avoir décrit le fonctionnement du Club de Paris dans une première partie, on évalue l'importance et le rôle des apports de liquidité effectués par le Club de Paris pendant les années 80 dans une seconde partie. Un premier résultat est que les montants rééchelonnés par son intermédiaire sont largement supérieurs à ceux prêtés pendant la même période par les gouvernements créanciers qui le composent. En se concentrant sur quelques pays africains, on montre ensuite que le rôle majeur de ces liquidités ... What does the Paris Club do for debtor countries, and more particularly for the poorest of them? Set up to ease the liquidity constraints of a country experiencing payment problems, by rescheduling its debt with the creditor governments, the Paris Club has frequently had to intervene since the beginning of the debt crisis. Since the Toronto Summit of June 1988 it has also been playing the role of aid provider for the poorest debtor countries. After describing the functioning of the Paris Club in part one, the study goes on to evaluate the extent and role of the liquidity provided by the Club throughout the 1980s in part two. An initial finding is that the sums rescheduled through its action were very much greater than those lent over the same period by the creditor governments comprising the Club. Through focusing on selected African countries, the paper then shows that the main role of the liquidity created has been to avoid these countries' accumulating massive arrears and being cut ...

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/380566408014
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 71.

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Date of creation: Jun 1992
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:71-fr

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