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Biotechnology and Developing Country Agriculture: Maize in Indonesia

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  • Hidjat Nataatmadja
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    Abstract

    After rice, maize is the second most important staple food in Indonesia, and is cultivated under a diversity of agro-ecological conditions. While food accounts for more than half total maize utilisation, demand for maize as livestock feed - particularly for poultry - has been growing rapidly in recent years. The Indonesian Development Plan sets production targets for maize for different regions, according to different technological "packages" in terms of the type of seed used and level of other inputs. Although the recommended technology packages imply wider diffusion of improved seed, only a small share of the total area cultivated is sown to hybrids and the commercial seeds industry is only just emerging. Unlike rice and soybean, maize is not a major focus of policy intervention. Nevertheless, farm revenue in maize production has been increasing despite growing production costs per hectare. Given the high price of hybrids compared to open-pollinated varieties so far obtained ... Après le riz, le maïs vient au deuxième rang des produits alimentaires de base en Indonésie. Sa culture s'étage selon des conditions agro-écologiques très diverses. L'alimentation humaine absorbe plus de la moitié de la récolte maïs, au cours des dernières années, la demande pour l'alimentation animale -- en particulier -- l'aviculture, a beaucoup augmenté. Le Plan indonésien de développement fixe des objectifs de production de maïs aux différentes régions, avec des conditions technologiques variables sur le plan des semences et du niveau d'autres intrants. Bien que le recommandations technologiques prévoient une large diffusion de semences améliorées, une faible partie de la surface cultivée totale est ensemencée d'hybrides. L'industrie commerciale de la semence est d'ailleurs à ses débuts. A la différence du riz et du soja, le maïs n'est pas l'objet d'interventionnisme actif de la part des pouvoirs publics. Cependant, le revenu agricole lié à la culture du maïs a augmenté ...

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 34.

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    Date of creation: Jan 1991
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:34-en

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