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Evidence on Trade and Wages in the Developing World

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  • Donald J. Robbins
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    Abstract

    This paper synthesizes nine in-depth developing country (LDC) studies on the impact of trade upon wages. It is traditionally assumed that in LDCs trade liberalization lowers relative wage dispersion, while raising wage dispersion in DCs. Evidence from cross-sectional household data for Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Malaysia, Mexico, the Philippines, Chinese Taipei and Uruguay show: first, counter to one model in Leamer (1995), for countries with diversified trade, labor supply shifts generally shift wages. Second, liberalization was accompanied by rising relative wages and labor demand. And third, trade liberalization often increases the inflow of machinery, and may partly explain positive relative demand shifts accompanying trade liberalization ... Ce document est une synthèse de neuf études approfondies portant sur l’impact des échanges sur les salaires dans les pays en développement. Il est couramment admis que la libéralisation des échanges réduit la dispersion relative des salaires dans les pays en développement, alors qu’elle l’accentue dans les pays développés. Les données sur les revenus des différentes catégories de ménages disponibles pour l’Argentine, le Chili, la Costa Rica, la Colombie, la Malaisie, le Mexique, les Philippines, le Taipei chinois et l’Uruguay montrent que : tout d’abord, contrairement au modèle de Leamer (1995), dans les pays dont les échanges sont diversifiés, tout changement dans la répartition de l’offre de travail va de pair avec un ajustement des salaires ; ensuite, la libéralisation a entraîné une hausse des salaires relatifs et de la demande de main-d’oeuvre ; et enfin, la libéralisation des échanges provoque souvent une augmentation des achats de matériel, ce qui explique en partie ...

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 119.

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    Date of creation: Dec 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:119-en

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