Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Economic Transition and Trade-Policy Reform: Lessons from China


Author Info

  • Kiichiro Fukasaku
  • Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte


Trade-policy reform is an essential feature of China’s economic transition to a market economy. On the one hand, the liberalisation and decentralisation of export activities has boosted exports. On the other hand, the reform of China’s import regime has been progressing much more slowly. This has two negative consequences. The persisting combination of high nominal protection rates and numerous tariff exemptions creates a dual regime: export-oriented firms enjoy free access to imports, while the domestic sector remains highly protected from international competition, which allows for continuing misallocation of resources. This incompleteness of trade reforms currently prevents China from joining the WTO, which might eventually hamper its further integration into the world economy ... La réforme de la politique commerciale en Chine est un élément essentiel de sa transition vers une économie de marché. La libéralisation et la décentralisation des échanges ont permis une forte croissance des exportations, mais la réforme du régime des importations est beaucoup plus lente. La persistance de barrières douanières élevées, assorties de nombreuses dérogations, est à l’origine d’un régime dualiste : les entreprises exportatrices importent librement leurs intrants, alors que le secteur domestique reste fortement protégé de la concurrence internationale, ce qui entretient la mésallocation des ressources. De plus, l’inachèvement des réformes empêche la Chine d’accéder à l’OMC, ce qui pourrait, à terme, compromettre la poursuite de sa stratégie d’ouverture ...

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 112.

as in new window
Date of creation: Jul 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:112-en

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research



No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Bin, Sheng, 2000. "The Political Economy of Trade Policy in China," Working Papers, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Management, Politics & Philosophy 10/2000, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Management, Politics & Philosophy.
  2. Thierry Mayer, 2006. "Policy Coherence for Development: A Background Paper on Foreign Direct Investment," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 253, OECD Publishing.
  3. Xiaohui Liu & Chang Shu, 2003. "Determinants of Export Performance: Evidence from Chinese Industries," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 45-67, March.
  4. Françoise Lemoine, 1996. "Trade Policy and Trade Patterns During Transition: a Comparison Between China and the CEECs," Working Papers 1996-02, CEPII research center.
  5. Simon, György, 2001. "Reform és növekedés Kínában
    [Reform and growth in China]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 673-692.
  6. Josh Ederington & Jenny Minier, 2002. "Tariff Uniformity and Growth," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(2), pages 65-73.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:112-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.