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Factores asociados al comportamiento exportador de las PyMES industriales argentinas

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  • Nicolas, Juan Ignacio
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    Abstract

    El objetivo general de la presente investigación es indagar acerca de los factores asociados al comportamiento exportador de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PyMES) industriales argentinas. Para ello, se procura identificar los diferentes factores que operan en los distintos niveles (microeconómico y sectorial), y que inciden en el comportamiento desigual que muestran las PyMES frente a su inserción en los mercados extranjeros. En esta tesis, se utiliza un modelo de regresión logística que permite estimar la probabilidad de que una PyME industrial argentina oriente su producción, o parte de la misma, hacia los mercados externos. Así, los resultados obtenidos ponen de manifiesto que la probabilidad de que una PyME exporte es mayor si la firma posee certificaciones de calidad y/o gestión de su proceso productivo, presenta elevados niveles de productividad y si se realizan actividades innovativas. Conjuntamente, para el caso de las PyMES industriales argentinas, un mayor tamaño de la firma también eleva la probabilidad de que exporten. Por último, también se observa incidencia de los condicionantes sectoriales, ya que la probabilidad de exportar por parte de las firmas varía de acuerdo a la rama de actividad industrial en la que se desempeñan.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centro de Documentación, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata in its series Nülan. Deposited Documents with number 1944.

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    Date of creation: 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:nmp:nuland:1944

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    Related research

    Keywords: Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas; Empresas Industriales; Exportaciones; Comercio Internacional; Argentina;

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