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Desempleo sectorial y ciclo de producto en Argentina 1995-2002

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  • Anchorena, Sergio Oscar
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    Abstract

    El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el comportamiento del desempleo en Argentina durante el ciclo económico del PBI 1995-2002, cuya fase expansiva se da entre 1995 y 1998, y su fase regresiva entre 1998 y 2002. El período se caracterizó por una baja intervención del Estado en políticas de empleo y desembocó en una crisis política y social, con un deterioro creciente del nivel de vida hasta el año 2002. Según la Ley de Okun, existe una relación inversa entre las variaciones del producto y del desempleo en la economía. La relación se expresa en términos de elasticidad desempleo-producto, entendida como cuantos puntos porcentuales varía la desocupación para un 1% de variación del producto. El trabajo analiza la elasticidad desempleo-producto general y por sector de actividad, discriminado las fases expansiva y recesiva, y se extraen conclusiones que pretenden servir de orientación para las políticas contracíclicas destinadas a mantener el nivel de empleo durante situaciones similares.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centro de Documentación, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata in its series Nülan. Deposited Documents with number 1653.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:nmp:nuland:1653

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    Keywords: Ciclos Económicos; Mercado de Trabajo; Desempleo; Política de Empleo; Sector Productivo; Argentina;

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