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A Note on the Time-Elimination Method For Solving Recursive Dynamic Economic Models

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  • Casey B. Mulligan
  • Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Abstract

The Time-Elimination Method for solving recursive dynamic economic models is described. By defining control-like and state-like variables, one can transform the equations of motion describing the economy's evolution through time into a system of differential equations that are independent of time. Unlike the transversality conditions, the boundary conditions for the system in the state-like variable are not asymptotic boundary conditions. In theory, this reformulation of the problem greatly facilitates numerical analysis. In practice, problems which were impossible to solve with a popular algorithm - shooting - can be solved in short order. The reader of this paper need not have any knowledge of numerical mathematics or dynamic programming or be able to draw high dimensional phase diagrams. only a familiarity with the first order conditions of the 'Hamiltonian' method for solving dynamic optimization problems is required. The most natural application of Time-Elimination is to growth models. The method is applied here to three growth models.: the Ramsey/Cass/Koopmans one sector model, Jones & Manuelli's(1990) variant of the Ramsey model, and a two sector growth model in the spirit of Lucas (1988). A very simple - but complete - computer program for numerically solving the Ramsey model is provided.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Technical Working Papers with number 0116.

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Date of creation: Nov 1991
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberte:0116

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